Established in 1840, Benton Condition, located in the northwestern element of Indiana, is among the country’s largest counties

Established in 1840, Benton Condition, located in the northwestern element of Indiana, is among the country’s largest counties

“The new Nigger Hill” Exodus and you can Conflict Told through Regional Historian” (Undated paper blog post; have an enthusiastic Editor’s Mention- “Which report is realize because of the George Pence before a mutual conference of the Bartholomew State Historic Neighborhood while the Home Literary Club stored inside the honor within Procurer Park, July 31 1927.”)

“Early Records from African People in the us within the Bartholomew Condition, Indiana.” [Some of these material duplicated for Bartholomew County EAASHI enterprise data files, Summer 2014]

Robbins, Coy D. “Black Settlements when you look at the Indiana Affiliated with the fresh new African Methodist Episcopal Chapel 1840-1845,” as authored regarding the African Methodist Episcopal Church Mag, George Hogarth, ed. (Accumulated away from Times, Indiana Annual Conference, African Methodist Chapel, 1840-1845.)

They boasted of obtaining the most truly effective and you will greatly fertile prairie homes (VanNatta). Depending on the early censuses, there are no African Us citizens surviving in Benton County out of 1840 compliment of 1870. In 1880, there were six individuals, all unmarried individuals from Kentucky, Indiana and you can Illinois, whose surnames were Corington, Curtes, Shelby and Wheat. bharat matrimony app They did while the farm laborers, housekeepers and you will barbers. Audrey Werle’s look to your African Us americans considering zero data to have Benton Condition, and there is actually zero proof of an outlying settlement or area of African People in the us.


Audrey C. Werle “Lookup Notes with the Indiana Dark colored History,” Yards 792, William Henry Smith Memorial Library, Indiana Historical Community, Indianapolis, Indiana

The latest 19th century Dark colored populace in Blackford State was minimal. Inside the 1840 brand new federal census indicated a maximum of 13 totally free people of color residing in the latest state marketed the following: Washington Township, populace 2; Licking Township, society step one; and you can Harrison Township, society ten. The fresh 10 someone into the Harrison Township lived-in one home going from the Jefferson Hill. The household incorporated 2 men less than 10; step 3 men 10 so you can 23; 1 men 36-52; 2 women 10 to 23; step one feminine 24 so you can thirty five; and you may step 1 women 55 in order to 99.

For the 1850 the general black colored populace throughout the condition fell so you can eleven having seven some body staying in Slurping Township and you can four somebody staying in Harrison Township. The Jefferson Hill house was moved off Blackford State. It would are available it moved eastern along the county range in order to nearby Jay Condition, Penn Township. From the 1850 Jefferson Mountain, a great Virginia local try good 56-year-old character. The remainder domestic incorporated Delilah Mountain, many years 40, born inside the Ohio, three Hill children born from inside the Indiana (Henderson, many years nine; Eliza, ages 6; and you may Lydia, years 3). The other members of the family were Sally Mountain, years 24, created in the Virginia; James Hill, ages 19, born in the Kansas; and Sibba Slope, ages 83, produced in Virginia.

Jefferson Mountain had been agriculture, and you may Sibby (Sibba) Mountain had been real time in the 102! This is regarding the a twenty-seasons many years huge difference regarding early in the day census.

In 1870 you can find a total of fourteen African Us citizens inside the Blackford Condition all of the staying in Slurping Township. Audrey Werle’s 1870 Index off Minds out of Domiciles listings next names: Larenzo Brooks, a 30 something hairdresser; Green Rodgers, 34; and James Elizabeth. Frazier, thirty-six, the second a few just who work with brand new railroad.

Inside 1860 the fresh new Hill relatives was still living in Penn Township, Jay County, for the a comparatively other setting

From the future decades, there clearly was evidence of racial isolation in the condition. Earliest, regarding the 1920s the fresh Ku-klux Klan founded a strong exposure on the state. Masked and you can robed users took part in large public rallies. Next, on the 1940 death of brand new well-respected exec and you will captain engineer at the a good corrugated report company, George Stevens, people out-of Hartford Town have been “numb having shock” to discover that the new acknowledged member of its people wasn’t light.

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